LINKING WORDS

December 22, 2009

IN THIS CHART YOU WILL HAVE MANY RHETORICAL FUNCTIONS,WHICH WE USE MAINLY IN WRITING.BUT, WE ALSO USE THEM IN OUR DAILY SPEAKING.

*TRY TO GO OVER THE EXPRESSIONS AND  GIVE EXAMPLES OF YOUR OWN.

*PLEASE,WATCH ALSO THE VIDEO ON LINKING WORDS IN THE PAGE OF WRITING.

HOW TO EXPRESS EXPRESSIONS EXAMPLES
Addition of more  ideas Moreover – besides – and –in addition -beside this –Further – furthermore – also…. *Young people are the lifeblood of our country.Moreover,they have determining roles in its development
Contrasting ideas

تناقض

But – yet – however –nevertheless -nonetheless….. *Young people are they the lifeblood of our country.However, they face huge challenges.
CAUSE-EFFECT

السبب/النتيجة

Reason: Because – for the reason that….-

***WE CAN USE SOME VERBS TO EXPRESS CAUSE-EFFECT:

X results in Y———-

X causes Y ————–

X leads to Y————-

Effect: so – as a  result –  consequently –    therefore –then –  hence – as a  consequence-….

*Because a lot of young people don’t have jobs, they immigrate to other countries.

*Young people don’t have jobs.Consequently, they immigrate to other countries.

*lack of work opportunities causes (leads to) immigration.

*lack of work opportunities results in immigration.

PURPOSE

الغاية /الهدف

**To+verb inf – in order to+inf – so as to+inf

PLEASE LOOK :

**so that + Subject verb

**with a view to+ gerund

*Young people immigrate to Canada to/in order to/so as to find jobs.

*Young people immigrate to Canada so that they find jobs.

*Young people immigrate to Canada with a view to finding jobs

EXEMPLIFYING For example –         for instance – like  –        such as *Young people have many assets. For example, they are energetic and ambitious.

PLEASE LOOK

*YOU CANNOT START A SENTENCE WITH such as or like

—*Young people have many assets like/such as energy and strength.

SEQUENCING First – second – besides –further – later – after this –subsequently - *Young people have many assets.First,they are energetic. Second , they have higher aspirations.Later,they are always critical about all aspects of life……..
DEFINING/Explaining

Making an idea clear

That is…- that is to say…-this means…- X means Y –   X is Y-

X refer(s) to Y

*Brain drain means/is/refers to the emigration of talented people to other countries.

*Many young people are highly ambitious. That is to say/that is they always want to have a better life

*EXERCISE:

Use these expressions to fill in the blanks: however-consequently – because  – too -for instance – yet – nevertheless-hence – as a result – otherwise – such as  – besides.
a- Pollution is very dangerous;……………………,people continue to produce waste.
b- We pollute our environment.  … ……………………we suffer from many illnesses.
c- We should do more reading at home.   …………………., we should write more essays.
d- Obese people suffer from many health problems. …………………heart diseases.
e- You should start working for your exam from now;……………..,you will not get through.
f- English is an international language; it is widely used in the internet………………
g-Women are struggling for equality.   ……………….,they have not attained it in many countries.
h-Hanan works hard in many subjects;……………….,she will get good grades in her exam.
Check your answers here.
DOWNLOAD THE LINKING WORDS CHART FROM HERE:linking words


%d bloggers like this: