This paragraph is completely based on ideas from your own essays about the illiteracy of women.
1- Expressions that are followed by “reason”/”cause”:
Notice that an expression of “reason” is ALWAYS followed by a “reason/cause”.
**1**Some of the expressions of “reason” are followed by :
SUBJECT + VERB+……..
**2**Other expressions of “reason” are followed by:
a NOUN/expression WITHOUT A VERB.
**A** expressions of reason that are followed by a sentence are:SUBJECT + VERB +…….
|EFFECT : subject + verb+…: many scientists emigrate
|Expression of « reason »
|Reason :Subject+verb+…: they can’t find jobs in their homecountries.
1*Many Moroccan women are illiterate since/because/as schools were far from their houses.
2*Professionals emigrate from their countries to Canada since/as/because they can’t find interesting jobs.
**B**Expressions of “reason” that are followed by: a NOUN/EXPRESSION-NO VERB-
EFFECT : subject + verb+… : many scientists emigrate
Expression of « reason »
REASON : Noun/Expression. : unemployment.(noun/no verb here)
1*The illiteracy of women is due to the poverty of parents.
2-*Some women are illiterate because the parents ARE poor.
3*A lot of students leave school because of family problems.
A lot of students leave school because/as/since they have family problems.
4*Ilyass has got 19/20 in English as a result of his hard work.
Ilyass has got 19/20 in English because/as/since he works hard.
IMPORTANT. Notice that you can start HERE with the cause or with the effect.NO PROBLEM if you start from the end but you have to make some small changes in the sentences.
*1*since/because/as schools were far from their houses, many Moroccan women are illiterate.
*2* since/as/because they can’t find interesting jobs, Professionals emigrate from their countries to Canada.
*3* due to the poverty of parents,Some women are illiterate.
*4* because of family problems, a lot of students leave school.
2-EXPRESSIONS THAT ARE FOLLOWED BY EFFECT:
A- Expressions of “effect” that are followed by: SUBJECT + VERB+….
REASON : SUBJECT + VERB+…… : NGOs are working hard,
Expression of « EFFECT »
EFFECT : SUBJECT + VERB+…… : our community has become better.
1- Many third world countries suffer from unemployment;as a result/as an effect/as a consequence/then/therefore/hence /so/thus,professionals emigrate to Europe.
2- Many mothers are illiterate, therefore/so/then/as a consequence/for this reason…, children don’t do well at school.
3-Rashid didn’t revise his lessons; consequently/therefore/hence…,he failed in the exam.
Notice that these expressions must always be in the middle of the sentence between the REASON and THE EFFECT: ( reasons + expression of effect + effect)
B- Expressions of “effect” that are followed by a NOUN PHRASE:
NOTICE THAT THESE ARE “VERBS” Examples: lead to – result in – gives – produces.
1- Unemployment leads to emigration.
2- Pollution causes many health problems.
3- Hard work results in success.
4- Illiteracy gives many social problems.