CONDITIONAL SENTENCES


CONDITIONALS :

1-What is a conditional sentence?

A conditional sentence is one in which you have two parts-clauses. They are: The “if” clause and the “main clause”.

In the “if- clause” you always have the condition.الشرط.And in the main clause you have the supposed result.

For example we say:

—-If Rashid gets a good mark in the exam, his father will send him on a vacation to Paris.

As you can see in the example above, we have two parts:

*The “if /condition” part in red and the “main/result” part in blue.

When do we get the result in part 2? Of course when the condition in part 1 is satisfied.When the condition in part 1 is true, we will get the result in part 2.

Look! There are three types of conditional sentences. They are all the same in that they all have two parts: the “if clause” and the main/result” clause.

I will explain the three different types of conditional sentences above.

2-CONDITIONALSENTENCES TYPE 1:

A – FORM:

Conditional sentences type 1 is exactly what you have in the example 1 above. Here are three more examples:

1—-If the weather is good tomorrow,I will have a picnic to the gorges.

2—-If I pass my baccalaureate exam, I will study English at university.

3—-If you read a lot of texts, you will have a good English.

NOW HAVE A LOOK AT THE FORM OF THE VERBS IN THE SENTENCES ABOVE.WHAT CAN YOU SEE?

That’s very simple of course! The verb in the first ‘’if clause

is in the simple present and the verb in the second part, the “result clause” is in the future simple.

So remember this form:A conditional type1

sentence is:

IF + S + SIMPLE PRESENT , S + FUTURE SIMPLE.

B- MEANING:

When do we use conditional type1?

Of course since there is the future in the result clause, everything you have in that clause can happen/occur if the condition in the “if clause” is there.

So we use the 1st conditional when we want to speak about something that is possible/probable in the future

So remember that the “result” in the main clause is possible to happen, if the condition in the “if clause” happens.

This is what we call also the “real”conditional. It is called real because what we have in the sentence may happen.

MORE EXAMPLES:

a- If our country offersenough jobs, brain drainers will come back.

b- If women have more freedom, our society will be better.

c- If the volcano fog gets thicker on Morocco, more air flights will be postponed.

d- If Ahmed comes in summer, we will have a big celebration.

e- If young people geta good education, they will be able to face their problems.

NOTICE: You can start with the “RESULT CLAUSE” and leave the “IF clause” in the ends. But this doesn’t change anything in the form or meaning of the sentence!

C-EXERCISES: Put the verbs between brackets in the correct form:

a-You will get a good mark in the exam if you (revise) your lessons.

b-If we produce more waste, our planet (be) more polluted.

c-If we empower women, our children (have) a strong personality.

d-You (understand) the other conditional lessons if you get a grasp of conditional1.

e-Many countries will face huge economic problems if the prices of oil (go) up again.

f-America (attack ) Iran if it continues producing nuclear energy.

g-If we preserve our natural resources, we (achieve) sustainable development.

Notice that all the facts in the “result” clause are possibilities.They may happen if the conditions in the “if clauses” are fulfilled.

Download this lesson here:CONDITIONAL TYPE 1

2- CONDITIONAL TYPE2.

Mourad: Hi Moufid.

Moufid: Hello Mourad.How are you?

Mourad: I am fine thanks .Where are you going now?

Moufid: I am going to the mountain with my friends.

Mourad:Oh my God! Going to the mountain in this terrible weather!!

Moufid:Oh yes! I don’t mind the bad weather. Would you like to go with us?

Mourad: Oh I am sorry I really can’t go with you because the weather is very bad now. It may rain. IF THE WEATHER WAS GOOD, I WOULD GO WITH YOU.

Moufid: Take care and see you. I will go anyway.

Now read this dialogue and try to understand two things: The form and the use of conditional sentences type2.

Now pay attention to the sentence in red.That’s exactly conditional type2.

Is Mourad going to the mountain?Of course he says he is not going because the weather is very bad.

A- SO WHAT DOES THE “if” sentence express then?

—– “IF THE WEATHER WAS GOOD, I WOULD GO WITH YOU.’’

The conditional type2 sentence then expresses an idea which is the opposite of a present reality.It is not the present reality.It is what we imagine a contrary to a present fact or reality.In the example above, the reality is I am not going to the mountains because the weather is very bad” ——– and the unreality/imagination/hypothesis is:

—–“IF THE WEATHER WAS GOOD, I WOULD GO WITH YOU.”

Conditional type 2 then is NOT a real conditional. It is not like conditional type 1.In conditional type 1 we have the future and the sentence is possible. BUT, in conditional type 2 the

sentence is what the speaker thinks is IMPOSIBLE/OR IMAGINARY.

B- The FORM of Conditional type 2 sentences:

Like conditional type1, conditional2 has also tw parts:The “if clause”and the “main clause”.So if you see the example of Mourad above,you will discoverthis form:

IF + SUBJECT + SIPMLE PAST, S + WOULD + VERB infinitive

Notice then that the sentence in conditional type2 is about the present.

And why do we have the verb in the simple past and “would/inf” in the other part?

This is exactly what makes it “unreal”. Simply because that’s not a real past. The past in the sentence is used simple because WE ARE NOT SPEAKING ABOUT A PRESENT REALITY.WE ARE IMAGINING THE OPPOSITE OF A PRESENT REALITY.

In other words, WE ARE HYPOTHESISING the opposite of a present reality.

WHAT YOU SHOULD REMEMBER THEN IS:

a- We use conditional type2 to speak about a  imaginary/unreal idea about the present.

b- The form of Conditional2 is: If + s + verb simple past , S would+ inf.

C-EXERCISES:

A- Use the verbs between brackets in the correct form:

a- If the weather was good now, I (go) to the gorges. But the weather is bad.

b- If Ahmed had a car, he (take) us to the forest. But unfortunately he doesn’t have a car, so we have to take a taxi.

c- would help you with this exercise if I (be ) there with you.

d- Many emigrants would stay in their countries if they (find) jobs. But since most of them are jobless, they prefer to emigrate.

e- Our environment (be ) clean if we had stopped producing waste. We are still polluting it, however.

f- If we (be) serious about pollution, we would spend more money on reducing gas emissions.

B- Now you will have present “realities” in the following sentences,rewrite them as indicated.

g- Jamal doesn’t speak English. He can’t communicate with tourists.

If……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

h- This lesson is easy. I can do all the exercises correctly.

I wouldn’t……………………………………if……………………………………

i- Many Moroccans who are abroad are now returning to their country because there more opportunities than in the past.

If…………….……………………………………….many Moroccans……….

j- People use a lot of cars; they pollute our planet.

If people…………………………………………………………………………….

k- Some women are illiterate; they face many social problems.

Some women wouldn’t…………………………………………………………

l- Rashid has a good knowledge of English.This lesson is easy for him.——–If this lesson…………………………………………………………..

DOWNLOAD PDF LESSON HERE:conditional type2


EXPECT CONDITIONAL3 SOON!!!

download and check your answers to the exercises on conditional 1 and conditional 2 above from here.CONDITIONAL key answers to the exercises.

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3 Responses to CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

  1. Fannysu says:

    Brahim,
    In second conditional(maginary), is it right to say “If the weather WAS good, I would go with you” ? Isn´t it if the weather WERE good, I would go with you.”?
    Doesn´t to be always change to WERE in the second conditional?
    If she were a good student, she would have better grades.If I were you, I would send Fannysu a reply! lol

    Fannysu

  2. Lamiae says:

    Hi teacher,
    I hope that u r fine. I’m extremely grateful to u 4 ur valuable help.

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